Two, infrastructure focus was inevitable in a context of low enrolments and lack of schools. Imagine that you are in a scenario where there are no schools! The first priority of the person-in-charge would be to set up schools before doing anything further. Similarly, when enrolments were low, having a physical school in the neighbourhood was important, so that children can at least be brought into schools.
In other words, it’s the lack of adequate funding that led to the prioritisation of infrastructure, sidelining other important and necessary issues. It is the lack of funding that made coverage the key and not the quality. It is the lack of funding that has delayed the organisational learning process.
The lesson for policy advocates is that it is more important and productive to demand an increase in allocation to education that to prioritise the little amount that it receives currently. Definitely, money can't solve all the problems but problems can't be solved without money either. Having money will at least make people think of what to do! Currently, that thought doesn't even arise due to lack of funding that places mental constraints on policy makers' imagination of what can be done.