Terrence Tao on Trump's visa restrictions

Terrence Tao, the famous mathematician and Fields medal winner says the following on Trump's visa regulations on people from seven countries. 
[earlier] while the process could be slow and frustrating, there was at least an order to it. The rules of the game were complicated, but did not abruptly change in the middle of playing it (save in truly exceptional situations, such as the days after the September 11 terrorist attacks).  One just had to study the relevant visa regulations (or hire an immigration lawyer to do so), fill out the paperwork and submit to the relevant background checks, and remain in good standing until the application was approved in order to study, work, or participate in a mathematical activity held in another country.  On rare occasion, some senior university administrator may have had to contact a high-ranking government official to approve some particularly complicated application, but for the most part one could work through normal channels in order to ensure for instance that the majority of participants of a conference could actually be physically present at that conference, or that an excellent mathematician hired by unanimous consent by a mathematics department could in fact legally work in that department.
With the recent and highly publicised executive order on immigration, many of these fundamental assumptions have been seriously damaged, if not destroyed altogether. Even if the order was withdrawn immediately, there is no longer an assurance, even from nationals not initially impacted by that order, that some similar abrupt and major change in the rules for entry to the United States could occur, for instance for a visitor who has already gone through the lengthy visa application process and background checks, secured the appropriate visa, and is already in flight to the country.   
This is already affecting upcoming or ongoing mathematical conferences or programs in the US, with many international speakers (including those from countries not directly affected by the order) now cancelling their visit, either in protest or in concern about their ability to freely enter and leave the country.  Even some conferences outside the US are affected, as some mathematicians currently in the US with a valid visa or even permanent residency are uncertain if they could ever return back to their place of work if they left the country to attend a meeting.  In the slightly longer term, it is likely that the ability of elite US institutions to attract the best students and faculty will be seriously impacted.
Again, the losses would be strongest regarding candidates that were nationals of the countries affected by the current executive order, but I fear that many other mathematicians from other countries would now be much more concerned about entering and living in the US than they would have previously.
Essentially, Tao is arguing that the Visa regulations have introduced uncertainty in the process, creating ripple effects across a large population, even in those who are not directly impacted by the current decisions.

While there's a lot of debate on whether it's a Muslim ban or a non-Muslim ban, whether it's similar to Obama's similar decision in 2011 etc, Terrence Tao adds a fresh perspective. It's an important argument and many defenders of Trump's restrictions who are downplaying the impact of these orders are missing this point.

On the other hand, it is heartening to see a vibrant democracy in action in US with so many people marching daily on the road, famous academicians openly taking positions against the government, serving diplomats opposing the move, Attorney General taking a stance against the government citing allegiance to constitution and not the government, and big companies issuing statements against the decision. Something like this is completely unimaginable in India.

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