- While Kerala may be better on absolute metrics, the ‘change in literacy’ since independence is not impressive compared to India and especially Gujarat.
- Success in Kerala is not a state-led programme. It is due to initiatives led by private.
A point to note here — Kerala hit 90% literacy rate by 1991 — before the India’s proverbial growth era.
1. As per ASER 2010, Kerala has 53% of enrollment in private schools. This demonstrates that the success is not state led. " Based on the 53% figure, B & P write in their book “The conventional and dominant story of Kerala as a state-led success doesn’t stand up to careful empirical investigation”
It implies that state had a huge role to play in Kerala and that 53% students are NOT out of state’s net, as misleadingly proclaimed by P&B.
The fact that even a backward region of the state, Malabar, has caught up to the levels of state aggregates, illustrate the post-independence efforts of governments in Kerala.
Malabar’s improvement is 60% which is more than India’s and Maharastra's, even going as per P’s earlier reasoning.
The actual outcomes
- % age of students of class 3–5 who can do subtraction or more: 46.6% in Gujarat and 79.2% in Kerala.
- % age of students of class 3–5 who can read class 1 level text: 63% in Gujarat and 87% in Kerala.
Kerala is way ahead of Gujarat in learning outcomes as per ASER.
Kerala’s success in education had significant role of post-independence governments.
Kerala is way ahead of Gujarat in learning outcomes.
Growth and learning outcomes: Kerala hit 90% literacy by 1991 - before the proverbial growth era. Gujarat is far behind Kerala in learning outcomes despite higher growth rate.