Summary of findings in executive summary starts with the following.
One finding is that Shanghai has a high degree of coherence between policy and implementation. The study does not find significant divergence between policy statements and reality. This noteworthy connection between policy and implementation can possibly be attributed to a number of factors, including the cultural and historical Chinese characteristics of top-down and centralized government administration; close monitoring of the programs and policies and alignment of performance with incentives; high levels of professional accountability among teachers, principals, and administrators within the education system; and, to some extent, modest and realistic policy statements and goals.
Shanghai also stands out for its constant drive to renew and improve its education system and practices.I may be a victim of confirmation bias here as my argument has been that weak state capacity is the binding constraint in our public education system and that our approach to reform has been through interventions as the anchor, glossing over this underlying problem.