Vinod Khosla in one of his talks says that leadership is about having an internal compass. One needs to a clear vision of goal and a sense of direction to be able to take decisions in complex situations, else one might just succumb to outside pressure and do what is being asked for instead of doing what is needed. What can be that internal compass for a decision maker in school education?
IV. Comprehensive approach to change - There are broadly five different aspects to education reform.
- Economics of education: How much money is spent? How efficiently is it spent?
- Governance: Aspects related to accountability, performance, and infrastructure.
- Pedagogy: How do you teach a particular concept? What are the problems that students face? How does one assess a child’s learning?
- Sociology: What is the purpose of education? Is it about making better citizens? Is it just about building skills?
- Politics of education: Dealing with teacher unions, and other political challenges associated with reforms.
VII. Don't let the best be the enemy of good, play as per your capacity - It is desirable to aspire and achieve high standards but one should act as per current capacity (state capacity should also be a factor in prioritizing policies). Else, we may end up achieving neither the high goals nor the basic ones. Prioritize as per the situation of state capacity. Some initiatives which are good for contexts of weak state capacity needn't be so for contexts of strong state capacity and vice-versa.