The previous section discussed problems of public school teachers as perceived by them. Teacher incentives is one of the most cited solution to improve the quality of teaching in public schools. This section discusses three broad categories of such incentives. While a completely literature review of various forms of incentives is beyond the scope of this section, some important studies are highlighted.
9. Will such initiatives work in government setup? Some of the studies demonstrating positive effects of monetary incentives are cases where an NGO provided these incentives. Incentives in AP study discussed above were also given by an NGO. It is not known if same effects persist if it is implemented through government machinery. For example, a policy in Kenya empowered head masters to give out bonuses to teachers based on their attendance. The amount was up to 85% of the teacher salary and the unspent amount would go into other accounts of the school. The evaluation results suggest that head masters ended up paying uniform bonuses to everyone, despite their absence. This underscores the need for both the design of the incentive programmes and credible independent assessments.