- centralized exams
- the distribution of decision-making power between schools and their governing bodies
- the level of influence that teachers and teacher unions have on school policy
- the distribution of decision-making power among levels of government, from local to national
- the extent of competition from the private-school sector
Thus, evidence suggests that there is a relationship between state capacity and learning outcomes; weak state capacity affects the learning outcomes negatively.
In the next post, this blog explores the relationship between state capacity and learning outcomes in context of India.
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