- Change in mindset: Most of the major reforms have an underlying philosophy or a frame of thinking behind them. At this stage, the major battle is about changing this mind set.
- Transition: After the underlying philosophy is turned into specific policy, the next stage is the transition from old system to new system and trying to smoothen the edges.
- Policy in action: The implementation of the policy and trying to tighten the nuts and bolts.
A note be fore moving ahead: These needn't be the only commandments and they needn't be exactly ten. This terminology is just for convenience.
Three, reforms in education should be comprehensive. There are broadly five different aspects to education reform.
- Economics of education: How much money is spent? How efficiently is it spent?
- Governance: Aspects related to accountability, performance, and infrastructure.
- Pedagogy: How do you teach a particular concept? What are the problems that students face? How does one assess a child’s learning?
- Sociology: What is the purpose of education? Is it about making better citizens? Is it just about building skills?
- Politics of education: Dealing with teacher unions, and other political challenges associated with reforms.
Seven, know that education is interlinked to several other areas: Education is a complex function of different sectors. While we may all do everything correct regarding the schools, we may still end up not achieving the results. It is important to recognize that the child's health (physical and mental) , poverty, perception of value of education also have significant impact on the system. We have to win all these battles to ensure the final victory.