Demographic profile of global extreme poverty

World Bank released a report titled "Who are the poor in the developing world?". This report is based on a survey carried out in 89 countries, in order to understand the demographics of the extreme poor in the world. Chicago Policy Review posted a good summary.

Extreme poor is defined as income less than $1.9 per day. Moderate poor is defined as income between $1.9 per day to $3.1 per day.

The following insights caught my attention because they are counterintuitive.
Industrialized jobs do not guarantee an end to poverty.  A significant number of people who are in extreme or moderate poverty work outside the low-productivity agricultural sector, 24 and 40 percent respectively. After their research the authors state it is still unknown why these people who are in non-agricultural employment remain poor. In that regard, a more in-depth study could be conducted to truly understand the relationship between types of industries and poverty that is underlying extreme poverty in rural areas.
On elucidating the differences between the extreme poor and moderate poor, it says
moderately poor families do not work in agriculture
May be the learning is that all those who are employed in industries aren't out of extreme poverty but those who are moderately poor seem to be not working in agriculture.

The report has good insights on education.
a number of adults who are in extreme or moderate poverty do have some secondary education, 27 and 38 percent respectively. This demonstrates that primary and secondary education are not sufficient to exit poverty. In contrast, those who have a higher level of education are almost exclusively non-poor. 
The second difference between extreme poor and moderate poor is that
moderate poor are more likely to have completed primary, but not secondary, education
Based on these insights, it observes
If moving to moderate poverty is the path to a better standard of living for those in extreme poverty, then finding employment in a non-agricultural sector and pursuing higher education are two parts of that path.
Overall, it illustrates how little we understand about poverty. Even simple demographic data can take the veil off several gaps.

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