Some important statistics of Indian schools - Ensuring Learning India S2 E.002
In the previous post, this blog summarized the status of learning outcomes in India. This post summarizes status of infrastructure in schools. All the statistics are taken from District Information System for Education (DISE) 2013-14. Though some of these things are straight forward, it is important to know certain numbers just to get a sense of the broader picture.
There are 10, 93,969 government schools in total. These constitute 75.51% of the total schools. The private unaided schools (with no funding from govt) constitute 17.4 % of total schools and private aided schools constitute 4.69% of total schools.
Primary schools have 224 instructional days on an average and upper primary schools (grade 6-8) have 225 instructional days on an average, in an year. Even if they work for 5 hours a day, this comes up to around 1100 hours an year which puts India on the top of the list of countries ranked as per total instructional hours in an year.
91.08% schools constituted School Management Committees (SMCs). SMCs constitute of parents, teachers, headmaster and local community who are responsible for certain aspects of administration of the school.
There are 3.5 classrooms on an average in a government primary school. Private unaided schools have 7.8 classrooms on an average. Even if one grade has to sit in one class, it wouldn't get a room in an average government primary school. In this context, one should also note that there are 3.1 teachers per primary government school on an average, whereas it is 8.8 in case of private unaided schools. May be it's the reason for the multi grade teaching typically seen in government schools.
95.31% of government schools have drinking water facility and after the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, all schools must be having separate girls and boys toilet, as per latest figures.
9.25% of primary government schools and 41.96% of government upper primary schools have functional computers. Kindly note this in the context of technology in education.
On teaches front, there are 46,12,429 government school teachers in India, who constitute 59.73% of total teachers in the country. Of these, 31.45% teachers are aged above 55, while 3.32% of teachers in private unaided schools are aged above 55. Contract teachers constitute 9.1% of the total teachers.
Pupil-Teacher Ratio is 26 in government schools and 25 in private unaided schools. Note that the average number of teachers in a primary school is only 3.1. It means that if there are 10 students per grade for all 5 grades in a government school and only 2 teachers, the pupil teacher ratio would be 25 but there are only 2 teachers to teach 5 grades.
There are 13,24,28,440 students in primary school and 6,64,71,219 students in grades 6-8. The average drop out rate is 4.67% in primary school, 4.68% in case of boys and 4.66% in case of girls. The grade wise drop out rates are 4.83, 2.28, 3.58, 3.49, 9.47 for grades 1 to 5 respectively. The transition ratio from primary to upper primary school is 89.5.